Sunday Rant – 2220


Joe’s Comment – Two amazing cartoons that caught my eye and seemed to be similar or related some how.  Charles Barsotti is featured in Punch frequently (that is true).  Cyanide and Happiness is by a host of cartoonists: Rob DenBleyker, Kris Wilson, Dave McElfatrick and Matt Melvin.
Shades of “You can’t handle the truth!” (A Few Good Men) strikes me as funny and true for everyone – not always the same truth, of course.  And the Reversi™ aspect of perspective in C & H tickles my fancy.
The truth is I have my doubts every single day.
This getting old(er) has some benefits, and some eye openers, to be sure…..


COVID-19 Info
PragerU has always given great value for time invested.
Joe and I love the format: 5 to 10 minutes focused on a single subject to give a primer on matters philosophical and moral.
Recently, Google and YoubeTube have been exerting their special kind of attention (after two failed attempts by PragerU to sue for discrimination) so that the PragerU videos are more difficult to find, even when you are “subscribed” to the channel.
Be that as it may, PragerU has assembled a number of longer videos with knowledgeable experts on all aspects of COVID-19.
They are informative and worth the watching.
You can see them here.
One such Huwoo Flu video we found very poignant (because we are old(er)) is this, titled “How Do Lockdowns Impact Mental Health?”:

During the weeks of “self isolation” (Joe says whut dat?) and hysteria about just what is this virus anyway and mixed messages and media politicization and the worst infraction of all, frightening the children (no matter what age), Joe and I have been conflicted about what to think and say and do.  We are punch drunk with information disinformation.  Something like our pal Bob Nelson (aka Jiffy Jeff):

So, we thought and said and did, not with gay abandon (we are hetero male white and opinionated) but with measured decorum (no hair on fire live chicken in your shirt jump out the window stuff for us!).
Today, Saturday, we stumbled upon this gem from years ago, when DJT addressed his audience in something more than grade 8 Queens English (like we said before, not UK QE but Queens, New York).
As more than one commenter observed, this speech should be shown to everyone who has survived (so far) the Wuhoo Flu, and is going to vote in the good old U.S. of A. in 2020.
Joe and I concur.  This is an excellent speech, well delivered, and decidedly pertinent:

Joe says another Bob Nelson routine is appropriate.  Here’s an “Entire Football Team”:

For all those giving the CCP a pass, here’s a reminder that their policies and human rights record is NOT COMPATIBLE with Western values.
A graphic reminder of one important facet –
China will never be a legitimate state while the Chinese Communist Party is governing, setting the agenda, and dreaming of world domination.



Quick Dick McDick
Joe and I appreciate every single video QDMcD publishes.
This one, concerning the antics of Chief Rainbow Socks and his merry band of retards, is an opinion about the ludicrous banning of “1500 types and brands of firearms” here in the true north sod and fee.
In the words of Quick Dick, the criminals just received another bonanza, selling illegal firearms to formerly law abiding citizens of Ca-na-da.
Of course, the indigenous folks can go about their business bristling with armament.  It is only just and non-racist:


Politicizing Medicine
Dave Morrison of Blue Collar Logic makes a case that in the polarized world of human communities, even medicine, the science of health, cannot avoid being politicized.
Joe and I agree with every point he makes.
The evidence and data is accumulating as the COVID-19 (aka Huwoo Flu) “pandemic” plays out across the world.
The evidence and data is revealing a fact: not everyone is focused on eliminating this new and nasty (for some people) virus.
To us it seems the moniker we use, “rat-bastard commies”, and “commie rat bastards” has a broader community of eligible souls than our historically identified list of usual suspects:

Lest you think this is a current development, the politicizing of medicine, there is ample evidence that just ain’t so Sparky.
History has not been kind to many in the medical field who once led the charge, established the foundation, became the unchallenged “expert”, toppled the paradigm.
History is also filled with examples of many in the medical field who were publicly humiliated, their work derided, their expertise and study verboten, only to be exonerated when the data accumulated over time became so overwhelming that the paradigm was toppled.
The following video from Dr. Ken Berry points to early studies (he says the ’60s) that did not fit the accepted narrative, so their findings were suppressed or ignored by those directing the medical community.
There is a mention of filthy lucre.
Joe and I think it is very difficult to find some aspect of life that money hasn’t tainted.
It takes a strong individual to resist the siren call of wealth and fame and power.
How many people are literally dying because they are following the dictates of a medical ideology driven by money vs health?
How many people are wandering off the medical reservation to pursue a personal health regime that is actually healthy?
It is a given that we all die.
The quality and duration of that dying is then of profound interest, da?:


Sidney Powell
Joe and I loves us some smart folks.
Ms. Powell is certainly in that cohort.
The tragedy that befell Lieutenant General Michael Flynn gives pause to anyone contemplating entering the political arena.
In our minds, the tactics employed by the FBI (under the direct guidance and instruction of the Obama administration) to rail-road General Flynn were an abuse of power.
Enter Sidney Powell.
Through tenacity and (horror of horrors!) knowledge of the law and an excellent team of researchers and data-miners, Ms. Powell exposed the misdeeds and perversion of justice for all to see.
Old Jug Ears (Obama) decided his legacy was being threatened.
He went public with his fears that the sacred cow of justice was being perverted.  His expressed concerns impugned both the Attorney General William Barr, the Justice Department, and by association, Lieutenant General Flynn and his legal representation.  That representation being Ms. Sidney Powell.
Ms. Powell answered the ex-president with an open memorandum for all to see (the words of Ms. E. Thrasher, our beloved junior high school English teacher).
Through the miracle of modern technology and a few slights-of-hand, here is her memo –

Joe grinned his ass off reading on page one, the footnote 1 in quotation marks “constitutional lawyer”, referring to his exulted being, ex-President Jug Ears.  Sidney Powell is an extremely competent and successful appellate lawyer with over 30 years of experience.  Joe says Jug Ears is none of those things – never tried a case, never wrote a published paper – hell, his college records, his birth certificate, his fucking identity is a mystery.
He is a shameful sham.
The current situation is also a curiosity.  The case against Flynn was dropped.  The prosecution ruled there was no case, based on the evidence Ms. Powell & Co. brought to the attention of the apelate court.  However, the judge in question, one Judge Emmet Sullivan, has not accepted the ruling.  He has asked for “amicus curiae” (friend of the court) briefs to be submitted, even going so far as appointing an amicus curiae.  The latest developments and an excellent summary are here, in an article by Margaret Cleveland, writing for The Federalist.
As much as Joe and I abhor lawyerly lawyering lawyerists, and the judiciary, and authority of any stripe that we do NOT engage via our own free will, this is damn important by way of the revelations revealed by Ms. Powell about process and coercion and the politicizing of the judiciary.
Where it stands: a superior court has passed down an order that Judge Sullivan cannot ignore, more or less demanding he cease and desist the sentencing of General Flynn and accept the dismissal of all charges.  Judge Sullivan was given 10 days to respond.  Drum roll.  High Noon.  OK Corral.
Joe and I have a simple mind.
To us, this is another example of the law being used as a weapon.
This is not the function of law.
We also note that the 4th Estate function has been abrogated, not officially, not intentionally, not deliberately.  There are very few journalists extant.
Most of what passes for “journalism” is opinionated and biased and partisan.
And focused on the Holy Dollar©, Bill.
This is more than an emotional trigger (i.e. makes you sad or angry or happy).
This is terminally fatal to the rule of law and governance in our (mostly the American) fair land.
The 5th Estate is now filling in for the 4th Estate who have left their post to pursue ideology.
Desperate times.
Joe says the law is a tool.
Like all tools, it can be and is misused.
The problem is very old, very human; a carbuncle on the face of Lady Justice.
Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?” – Roman poet Juvenal from his Satires (Satire VI, lines 347–348).  The Latin translates to “Who will guard the guards themselves?”
Who will monitor the behavior of people in positions of power?
Joe and I would volunteer if we weren’t so busy doing just that.
All we need now is a big heaping helping of facts, just the facts ma’am, and you’d see some action from us, à la Sergeant Joe Friday:

Sergeant Joe Friday and Officer Bill Gannon put old Jug Ears in his place.  A lot of good that would do….. or should that be that would do a lot of good?:


Joe’s Garage

Your Choppers Know Best
Joe figures that in the last 18 months (give or take) we’ve learned more about the human body (our approximation of the same), nutrition, wellness, and longevity.
Hallelujah Jesu!
Now we’re learning about what you stuff in your pie hole does to your teeth.
And what your mother stuffed in her pie hole, digested, and fed you through your little bitty umbilical cord.
Sobering information to learn at the advanced chronological measure of three score and ten.
Joe is a bit pissed that this info is not new, but only recently known to us.
What the hell were we doing in school?
Mr. Kruger, our physical education / health instructor told us about a buddy’s motorcycle accident when he discovered black ice, but neither Joe or I don’t remember one damn word about how to keep your teeth healthy.  Dr. Ken Berry to the rescue with his new pal, Steven Lin, DDTS:


Continue reading Sunday Rant – 2220

Sunday Rant – 2120


Joe’s Comment –  A couple of beauties from Michael Crawford this week.
Although the Wuhoo Flu is still big news, these two cartoons capture my mood during the entire fiasco.
Not much point worrying about what might happen.
Go hard with what is happening – and make sure you’ve got attitude!



The W.H.O. vs The Who vs Who?
Paraphrasing Ms. Jean Knight,
“Mr. Big Stuff, W.H.O.  do you think you are?
Mr. Big Stuff, you’re never gonna get my love….”
Joe and I are simpatico with Ms. Knight’s rebuke.
We would like to believe the W.H.O. is a composite super hero.
Alas, there is history that bespeaks villainy.
Just who in the world does the head of W.H.O. think he am?
The Director General of the World Health Organization is Mr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, an Ethiopian politico.  If you are inclined to read the “pro” and “con” commentary available on the Internet, Mr. Ghebreyesus is both a saint and a commie rat-bastard.
Joe is going with commie rat-bastard.
It seems that Ethiopia, a poor African nation (the average IQ in the mid-60 range per various sources might have something to do with their poverty) has fallen prey to the Chinese Communist Party helping hand that has indebted upward of 56 African countries to the CCP.  The CCP is nobody’s friend.  They target resource rich stupid people with offers of financial assistance that is heavily tilted in favor of the CCP should the terms of the agreement fail to be met.
Alas, the terms are often not met, by design.
The CCP is truly the poster child for commie rat-bastardism world-wide.
From Joe and my perspective, this dumb bastard and his equally dumb Ethiopian “leaders” got their beloved Ethiopia caught in the deadly evil meat-grinder commie rat trap of the CCP “One Belt One Road” initiative.
The end state of One Belt One Road is the building of a new global system of alternative economic, political, and security “interdependencies” with China at the center.”
Joe has an expression for this kind of behavior – By hook or by fuck.
The Chinese, like the Nazi Germans and the Imperial Japanese and the mighty Mongol Gengus Khan and so many tyrannies chronicled in history are hell bent to force there way on the world.
Serial rapists might be apropos, metaphor wise.
For anyone anywhere sympathetic to the tyranny approach to governance hear our words clearly – the West has come to world leadership by way of the “invisible hand”.
The invisible hand concept is more individually pertinent when described as the division of labor, i.e., pursuit of self interest (happiness).  Three short videos follow, describing how the entire giant ball of complexity is very simple when precipitated to a few simple concepts.  You have certain skills.  You have certain needs.  Through commerce, you find what you need and you engage your skills to provide what others need.
This voluntary exchange, this buyer/seller relationship, is a “value added exchange”, where both parties are satisfied with the outcome.
No dog beating required.
No gulags or death camps or re-education centers necessary.
The Scottish Enlightenment was a profound and incredibly inventive period of time in Western culture.  A brief perspective of the Scottish culture of the time (from the link) –
“….. as the author Christopher Brookmyer once argued, the reason that things get invented in Scotland is exactly the inverse of why they don’t get invented in the Caribbean. “Scots just can’t help inventing things. Leave one alone on a single-palm desert island and by the end of the week he’ll have built a paddle-craft using every available resource, right down to the hollowed coconut shells for a propeller. Maybe it was because Scotland was such a miserable place to live that the drive to improve one’s day-to-day existence was utterly imperative. What the hell got invented in the Caribbean? Nothing. But Scotland? You name it.” If you take the 18th century as an example, then he certainly has a point!”
Adam Smith lived during this period.
Adam Smith (like Darwin or Isaac Newton or a host of others) had clear vision and described what he saw as a basic human behavior.  A very brief introduction via three videos to the philosopher Adam Smith follows:

Joe and I endorse and embrace the invisible hand philosophy.
The best possible result (most efficient, too) precipitates without the conscious effort of the participants!
So tidy, so concise, so thrifty.
Hoot mon!
Who is going to do something, anything, about these incorrigible Chicom dishonest Johns?
Who indeed…..
Whether you hate Donald Trump (what he said about baby cats!!!), whether you love Donald Trump (he is Shane, come to save us from our alter egos!!!), whether you are unaware of the existence of Donald Trump (Joe Biden’s recent and current verbal musings comes to mind), you would have to be living on the dark side of the moon if you are unaware of the amazing changes to America over the last three years.
Donald J. Trump is leading that posse.  In the words of Jim Croce, you don’t mess around with Slim:

Joe and I have watched the POTUS intently since his bid for the presidency began.
When he says he wants to help people, we believe him.
Better to build a resort on a beautiful beach and fill it with rich tourists than to bomb the ever lovin’ shit out of poor dumb mud peckers in ideological fury.
Just our opinion.
Sure as hell you have your own.
DJT’s mind is agile.
Looking at his family, his family history, his business career, over 50 years of public life, who he surrounds himself with – he has experienced orders of magnitude more than most folks in his 70 + years.
In Trump calculus, the trade deal with the Chinese, the abuse of peoples and nations by the CCP (in the guise of help via One Belt One Road), the Wuhoo Flu catastrophe in all and every facet, the CCP aggression in the South China Sea, 50 years of disinformation strategies, the theft of property (intellectual, physical, and legal) – all this and more is too much coincidence.
He is forming a public opinion, soon to be vocalized.
Joe and I have learned to interpret the president’s version of Queens English (not blimey style, Queens, New York, style).
He is pissed.
He is pissed at the Chinese Communist Party.
He is pissed at his BFF Xi Ping Pong Pi.
He is pissed at the W.H.O.
He is very pissed that over a million people will die from a preventable Nazi scientist fumble of a deadly virus (if it was a fumble, not a Hail Mary by the rat-bastard commies).
He is not talking to the Chinese….. yet.
He is talking to the W.H.O.
He has cut funding to the World Health Organization.
He has given them an ultimatum in the form of a letter.
The Trump letter to the W.H.O. is concise, terse, and a type of inverse quid pro quo –

Even a rat-bastard commie can make out the meaning in this letter.
We’ve heard it expressed in many ways for many years.
It means….. money talks, bull shit walks.
One more economic vampire on the neck of the West bites dust.
Meanwhile, the W.H.O. should listen to The Who while looking long and hard into a genuine made in America mirror:



Why Joe Fears the Sea
A lot of female folks have an idea that heaven looks a lot like this –
In the female mind, the person in the above image is them.
Not a care in the world.
Exploring the warm sea in the hot sun on a beautifully sandy and deserted and exotic beach.
Whatever “exotic” means…..
Back at the cabana there are many happy smiley tiny brown people just waiting to serve them all de doo-da day.
Heaven, da?
Not so with Joe.
This is the scene of untold atrocities, perpetuated by hoards of evil beings who, if they could, would claim they are only “doing what comes natural”.
Oh!  The humanity!
The amazing crew at True Facts (zefrank1) has captured much of this carnage on video.
Take a few minutes and watch the killer surfing snails in action and tell Joe that you don’t fear for your life whenever you stick your big toe in the ocean:

If that doesn’t revolt you, how about the incredibly disgusting Bobbit worm and their Polychaete pals:

Joe fears the sea.
Joe is revolted by the sea.
Joe says, and it is true: whales poop in the sea!
And the bottom is littered with dead sailors, dead sea fauna, dead sea flora.
The outfall of Victoria BC’s tertiary treated sewage, i.e., human waste, is down there, too.
Joe no go, no swim in sea.
So, what say ye to a nice splash in a puddle, a wallow in a pond, a dunk and a dive in a lake?
Quoting the great John McEnroe, you cannot be serious!
Every drop of Nature’s Water™ has some sort of inhuman corruption behaving badly with malicious intent.
A short video to prove the point.  True Facts presents “Carnivorous Dragonflies:

Joe fears Nature®.
Nature is  not throttled, not controlled; it is chaos – it is Life©.
Life is wild, mutating, unconscious, and NOT YOUR FRIEND!!!
Joe will swim in a chlorine saturated pool, only in daylight, thank you very much.
Maybe some DDT, too, in the pool.


Epoch Times
Joe and I view something from the Epoch Times every day.
Here is a perspective from Conrad Black (a great Canadian by proxy) we thought worthy of reading twice.
The point he makes is the Democrat party is gambling everything on blaming the Coronavirus lock stock and barrel on President Trump.
If they are successful, they will de-throne Donald Trump and Joe Biden will become the President.
Joe Biden.
The not-so-bright thug who is literally losing his mind in front of the American people.
This is some very weak beer the Democrats are pinning their donkey tail hopes upon.
Voters are fickle.  Here’s a quote from the opinion piece –
As strategies go, it’s crude and even rather contemptible, but it is attached to a premise that may be valid: all the rest of this president’s record, including his formerly brilliant record on the economy and his drastic reduction of illegal immigration and recognition of the need to meet the China challenge, may be swamped in a referendum on his handling of the coronavirus pandemic—that question may be the real version of the question to the voters of whether they approve of Trump.
If this happens, as now appears likely, it will not only obscure the rest of Trump’s record in these last, eventful three years, it is clearly the fervent hope of the Democrats that this over-arching question will expunge from the voters’ thoughts the problem of the allegation of sexual impropriety against Joe Biden, and the growing apprehension of political damage over the obviously lawless conduct of the Barack Obama FBI and intelligence leadership in the 2016 election and aftermath.”
And so it goes.
Joe and I stick to our belief that there are about 40 million people in America who are so stupid they cannot perform meaningful work.
Even then, those of legal age are voters.
And there are plenty of illegal residents who somehow manage to vote in California and New York.
Mr. Black presents a viable case.
An interesting read written by an interesting Canadian.

Continue reading Sunday Rant – 2120

Sunday Rant – 2020


Joe’s Comment – Two beauties from Robert Mankoff to bookend my week.  Working long hours every day makes me realize that whatever I had seems to be reluctant to reemerge.  In the long ago times a 12 or even 14 hour day was un morceau de gatêau.
Now a 10 hour day bakes me, not the cake.
It is disappointing, but not without reason.
And it certainly ain’t the end of my world.
I’ll keep at it for a few more whiles (thank you Donald, for the coinage) and see if it once more becomes a breeze…..
One positive note: No matter how tired and crippled I get, lots of stuff is getting planned, many things are getting started, and a few (very few) things are actually getting done!
Who woulda thought.


Coronavirus Oddities and Tid-bits
Joe and I are perplexed that the sheeple AND the people are becoming more agitated and unsure as time goes by about the dreaded pirate Wuhoo Flu.
Here and there, now and then, evidence emerges that things aren’t so dire as once thought.
Another vector, another cache, another file folder, continues to accumulate data that contradicts the main stream hysteria.
The following speech from Dr. Ivette Lozano opened our eyes wide.
Like the two California doctors (Dr. Dan Erickson and Dr. Artin Massihi, whose YoubeTube video has mysteriously disappeared), Dr. Lozano’s first hand evidence and results working with COVID-19 patients do not conform to the official narrative.
Watch it now, because almost guaranteed it will disappear as soon as the autocrats and overseers and censors catch wind of this now viral exposé of the status quo:

Also of interest is this discussion about COVID-19 between Dave Rubin and Mike Rowe.
The discussion is posted as three segments.
The first is called “Exposing How Putting Safety First Could Be a Mistake”.
Very pertinent ideas about “safety” vs living life.:

In segment two, Mr. Rowe touches a nerve with Joe and I.
We also believe all work is “essential”, therefore all workers are “essential workers”.
Mr. Rowe predicts this poor choice of descriptors will haunt future cultural and political discourse:

The third tackles a thorny subject – “How COVID Has Revealed What College Really Is”.
Perhaps the CCP virus will have some positive impact on the education system’s full Nelson hold on post secondary learning:

In typical Dave Rubin fashion, the entire discussion is released a few days later for the non-paying public:


Conspiracy or Q Anon?
Joe and I are torn on the ideology of Globalism.
How could it be possible to have a governance that spans the entire globe when it is literally impossible to govern a large city?
How many languages are spoken in the world today?  According to the website Ethnologue, that number is 7,111.   Joe says even if this number is wrong by an order of magnitude, it is STILL UNSURMOUNTABLE.  According to Ethnologue, 23 languages account for 50% of the world’s population.  Joe asks: does anyone speak all 23?  We all know damn well that person doesn’t exist, is still a fantasy, an avatar, an ideal.
How many ethnicities in the world today?  According to the website Tapatalk, and the website Infomary, there are in excess of 5,000 ethnicities.  Again, if this number is wrong by an order of magnitude, it is STILL UNSURMOUNTABLE.
The League of Nations had a Covenant.
The League of Nations did NOT have a universal declaration of human rights.
The United Nations has a Charter.
The United Nations has a Universal Declaration of Human Rights.  It is untenable.  Reading Article 1 and beyond, any informed person can name non-compliant nations.  A wonderful ideal; an impossible reality.
Herein lies the problem, the flaw, the herd of elephants in the room.
For global governance to work, to have voluntary and complicit involvement of all peoples of all nations and places, the dictates of over five thousand ethnicities speaking over seven thousand languages have to be met in part to a more than trivial generality.
Joe gives an example from the natural world.
A sparrow, a hawk, a buzzard, a pelican, a humming bird, a crow – all are birds.
That’s about all they have in common, other than laying eggs.
Joe and I side with Woodrow Wilson, POTUS, who stated in 1916 –
My dream is that as the years go by … the world … will turn to America for those moral inspirations which lie at the basis of all freedom … [and that] all shall know that she puts human rights above all other rights, and that her flag is the flag not only of America, but humanity.”  (from SpeedySnail – “Why Was There No League of Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights?“)
From a footnote, the above Woodrow Wilson quote is recorded by Edward H. Carr, The Twenty Years’ Crisis 1919-1939: An Introduction to the Study of International Relations, second edition (London, 1946), p. 234. Carr calls this a “vision of [U.S.] world supremacy”, but to infer a simplistic nationalism on Wilson’s part is unfair. Wilson naturally spoke (on Independence Day 1914) in American terms, but he was speaking for the world supremacy of human rights which America happened to enjoy, not for the world supremacy of America.
Joe and I agree with this clarification.
If there were to be a global governance, it had better be a continuation of and organized about the most powerful existing constitution of any nation.  Free will, liberty, private property, inalienable rights, rule of law, the intrinsic value of the individual.
The following video may smell conspiracy theory-like to some.
Joe and I love the concept of Occam’s Razor, but human relationships and politics seem overly complicated and bizarre when unraveled.
Watch and judge for yourselves:


Cartoonist o’ the Week
No secret: Joe and I admire cartoonists.
This week the cartoons of Sean Delonas.
A few of his political cartoons, with his very special artwork –


Joe’s Garage

Pet Project
Joe and I have taken an extreme interest in the well-being of the very entity that is we: our meaty-puppet self.
During our foundering years while enrolling and dropping out of university (more than once), the gaggle of professionals who interviewed and coached and tested Joe and I repeatedly suggested we enter medical school.
Our standard reply was….. no thanks, who wants to hang around with sickies and deadies?
Now that we are old(er) and our cohort is self stampeding off the cliff of sickies and deadies (ain’t old age a bitch!), our selfish interest has inspired we research how to keep our antique car-cass tuned up and running smooth for as long as we can.
Our beloved grade 9 math teacher, Ms. Morrison, oft told Joe and I “David, understanding the problem is 95% of the solution.”
We have taken her sage advice to heart (doG bless her memory).
Research is a favorite activity for most of we, that is, the 37 or so souls occupying our cranial cavity.  In our earnest desire to know what specifically this body of ours requires to stay healthy, we have wandered near and far via the Internet to gain insight and information.  Every so often we revel over the occasional eureka! moment of clarity.
One of our favorite sources for essential health information put in lay terms so that we dummies can comprehend is the good doctor Robert Cywes.
In the following presentation posted in May of 2019, Dr. Cywes addresses a group of medical professionals with his uniquely delivered lecture on the evils of addiction to sugar/carbohydrates.
His claim is that obese people are addicted.
His program uses psychological techniques and practices developed for addicts to help the obese.
Here is his lecture “What does a surgeon know about psychology and addiction?”:

Continue reading Sunday Rant – 2020